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TextFields Data in Flutter: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you building a Flutter app that requires user input? TextFields are a crucial widget for gathering user data, but retrieving that data can be tricky. In this blog post, we’ll cover everything you need to know about retrieving data from TextFields in Flutter.

What is a TextField in Flutter?

A TextField is a widget that enables the user to enter text into an app. It’s a common input widget that allows users to enter data such as email addresses, passwords, and other types of text.

How to Retrieve Data from a TextField in Flutter?

There are several methods you can use to retrieve data from a TextField in Flutter. Here are some of the most common:

Using a TextEditingController

A TextEditingController is a class in Flutter that enables you to retrieve the data entered in a TextField. To use a TextEditingController, follow these steps:

  1. Create an instance of TextEditingController.
final myController = TextEditingController();
  1. Assign the TextEditingController to the TextField.
  controller: myController,
  1. To retrieve the data, access the text property of the TextEditingController.
var text = myController.text;

Using a Form

A Form is a widget that allows you to group multiple TextFields and other input widgets together. It also provides a convenient way to retrieve data from those widgets. To use a Form, follow these steps:

  1. Create an instance of GlobalKey<FormState>.
final _formKey = GlobalKey<FormState>();
  1. Wrap your TextFields in a Form widget and assign the GlobalKey to the key property.
  key: _formKey,
  child: Column(
    children: [
  1. To retrieve the data, call the save method of the GlobalKey.

This will call the onSave function of each TextFormField in the Form, allowing you to retrieve the data.

  1. Using the onSubmitted property

The onSubmitted property is a callback that’s called when the user submits the data in the TextField.

  onSubmitted: (String value) {
    // Retrieve the data here.

Best Practices for Retrieving Data from TextFields in Flutter

  1. Use the most appropriate method for your use case. If you only have one or two TextFields, using a TextEditingController may be the easiest option. If you have many TextFields, consider using a Form.
  2. Always validate user input before submitting it. Use the validator property of TextFormField to ensure that the data entered by the user is valid.
  3. Provide appropriate feedback to the user. If the user enters invalid data, display an error message. If the data is successfully submitted, provide a confirmation message.


Retrieving data from TextFields is an essential skill for any Flutter developer. Whether you’re building a simple app with one or two TextFields or a complex app with many input widgets, using the right method to retrieve the data is crucial. By following the best practices outlined in this blog post, you can create a smooth user experience and ensure that your app’s data is accurate and valid.

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