Introduction to C

Introduction to C Programming Language

In this tutorial, you will learn about the introduction to C programming language with the help of examples.

Dennis Ritchie created C as a general-purpose high-level programming language for the Unix operating system. In 1972, it was originally implemented on the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11 computer.

The C programming language is used to write the Unix operating system and nearly all Unix applications. C has become a popular professional language for a variety of reasons.

  • Easy to learn
  • Structured language
  • It produces efficient programs.
  • It can handle low-level activities.
  • It can be compiled on a variety of computers.

Facts about C Programming Language

  • C was created in order to create the UNIX operating system.
  • C is the successor language to the B language, which was introduced around 1970.
  • The American National Standard Institute defined the language in 1988. (ANSI).
  • By 1973, the UNIX operating system was almost entirely written in C.
  • C is now the most popular System Programming Language.
  • The majority of cutting-edge software is written in C.

Why use C Programming Language?

C was initially used for system development, specifically the programs that comprise the operating system. C was adopted as a system development language because it generates code that is nearly as fast as assembly language code. Some instances of C usage include:

  • Operating Systems
  • Language Compilers
  • Assemblers
  • Text Editors
  • Print Spoolers
  • Network Drivers
  • Modern Programs
  • Data Bases
  • Language Interpreters
  • Utilities

C Program File

All C programs are saved as text files with the extension “.c,” for example, hello.c. You can write your C program into a file using the “vi” editor.

This tutorial assumes you know how to edit a text file and write programming instructions within a program file.

C Compilers

When you develop a program in C, you must compile it in order to run it. A C Compiler turns your program into a language that a computer can understand. This is known as machine language (ie. binary format). So, before you begin, make sure you have C Compiler installed on your computer. It comes with all Unix and Linux variants.

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